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Papaveraceae | Plant Lexica


  • Botanical: Chelidonium majus
  • Family: Papaveraceae
  • Known as: Chelidonium, tetterwort, Schöllkraut
  • Old Use: bloodroot, wart weed


Greater celandine is a perennial herb with an erect habit, and reaches 30 to 120 cm high. The leaves are pinnate with lobed and wavy-edged margins, 30 cm long. When injured, the plant exudes a yellow to orange latex. The flowers consist of four yellow petals, each about 1 cm long, with two sepals. A double-flowered variety occurs naturally. The flowers appear from late spring to summer in umbelliform cymes of about 4 flowers. The seeds are small and black, borne in a long capsule. Each has an elaiosome, which attracts ants to disperse the seeds (myrmecochory). It is considered an aggressive invasive plant in natural areas (both woods and fields). Control is obtained mainly via pulling or spraying the plant before seed dispersal.

Poppy Corn
  • Botanical: Papaver rhoeas
  • Family: Papaveraceae
  • Known as: Common Poppy, Corn Poppy, Corn Rose, Field Poppy, Flanders Poppy, Red Poppy, Red Weed, Klatschmohn, Blutblume, Feldmohn, Feuerblume, Feuer-Mohn, Flattermohn, Klatschrose, Kornrose, Schnalle, Wolder Mohn
  • Old Use: cooking; medical

Poppy Corn

The plant is an annual herb which readily germinates from seeds. The branching stems have fine white or purple-red hair all along, especially at the flowering part. The flower stems are quite slender, and holds the solitary and terminal flowers. The bud is hanged upside down and then assumes a normal position just before blossoming. The stems have a white milky sap.

Poppy Opium
  • Botanical: Papaver somniferum
  • Family: Papaveraceae
  • Known as: White Poppy, Red Poppy, Opium Poppy, Schlafmohn
  • Old Use: treating asthma, stomach illnesses, and bad eyesight

Poppy Opium

The plant is an erect, herbaceous annual, varying much in the color of its flowers, as well as in the shape of the fruit and colour of the seeds. All parts of the plant, but particularly the walls of the capsules, or seed-vessels, contain a system of laticiferous vessels, filled with a white latex.


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