- Botanical: Pimenta dioica
- Family: Myrtaceae
- Hits: 3138
Known asAllspice, Jamaica pepper, kurundu, myrtle pepper, pimenta, newspice, Nelkenpfeffer, Jamaikapfeffer, Neugewürz, Englisches Gewürz, Viergewürz, Wunderpfeffer, Gewürzkorn
Old Useculinary; medicinal
Collection TimesJuly and August
Parts Usedfruit, shell
Medicinalantiseptic, anxiety, corns, digestion, indigestion, neuralgia, neuritis, nervousness, rheumatism, gastric acidity, neurasthenia
Mind & Nervesanxiety, neuralgia, neurasthenia, restlessness
Stomach & Intestinaldigestion, gastrointestinal, gastric inflammation, indigestion
Skin & Haircorns
Propertiesantiseptic, antipyretic, anti inflammatory, stimulant
A tropical, evergreen tree, usually 7-10 m tall, but sometimes reaching 20 m, with a smooth, grey bark. Individual trees are functionally dioecious (plants are either male or female) although individual flowers are structurally hermaphrodite (have male and female parts within the same flower). The small, white flowers are held in compound inflorescences and are followed by green berries that turn purple when ripe.
Properties & Uses
Allspice is used to flavour a variety of dishes, including meat stews, sausages, pickles, cakes and puddings, and is also added to medicines. It is an important component of pimento dram, a Jamaican alcoholic drink, and liqueurs such as Benedictine and Chartreuse. An essential oil is distilled from the berries and leaves and used in soap, perfumes and aromatherapy.
Allspice is also used in traditional medicine to treat digestive disorders and as a remedy for corns, neuralgia and rheumatism. The oil has antioxidant, bactericidal and fungicidal activity, and is a stimulant and purgative. The wood is used for making walking sticks and umbrella handles.
May cause allergic reactions in hypersensitive individuals.
Pimenta dioica occurs naturally on hillsides of rainforests in Central America and the Caribbean, and has also been reported from Venezuela.
eugenol, menthyl eugenol, cineol, phellandrene and caryophyllene.