- Botanical: Matricaria recutita
- Family: Asteraceae
- Hits: 3902
Known asChamomile, Kamille, Matricaria chamomilla, German chamomile
Collection TimesMay to June (During Sun)
Parts Usedflowers, leaves
Medicinalacne, anxiety, asthma, arthritis, boils, blood forming, constipation, cramps, cramps stomach, cystitis, dermatitis, diarrhea, digestion, fever, flatulence, headache, herpes, liver weakness, immunity, indigestion, insomnia, kidney weakness, menopausal symptom, migraine, neuralgia, nervousness, pain relief, perspiration, psoriasis, rheumatism, stress relief, toothache, wounds, worm
Heart & Circulationblood forming
Hormone & Sexual Organscramps, herpes, menopausal symptom
Infection & Inflammationfever, immunity, toothache
Muscle & Jointsarthritis, rheumatism
Mind & Nervesinsomnia, migraine, neuralgia, nervousness, pain relief, stress relief
Stomach & Intestinalconstipation, cystitis, diarrhea, digestion, flatulence, liver weakness, indigestion, kidney weakness, stomach cramps, worm
Skin & Hairacne, boils, dermatitis, perspiration (sweating), psoriasis, wounds
Propertiesanalgesic, antibacterial, antispasmodic, antidepressant, anti inflammatory, carminative, cholagogue, diuretic, fungicide
M. chamomilla has a branched, erect and smooth stem, which grows to a height of 15–60 cm (6-24inches). The long and narrow leaves are bipinnate or tripinnate.
The flowers are borne in paniculate flower heads (capitula). The white ray florets are furnished with a ligule, while the disc florets are yellow. The hollow receptacle is swollen and lacks scales. This property distinguishes German chamomile from corn chamomile (Anthemis arvensis), which has a receptacle with scales.
Properties & Uses
German chamomile is used for intestinal gas, travel sickness, stuffy nose, hay fever, nervous diarrhea, attention deficit-hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), fibromyalgia, restlessness, and trouble sleeping. It is also used for digestive system disorders, stomach ulcers, colic, and menstrual cramps.
Some people apply German chamomile directly to the skin for hemorrhoids; breast soreness; leg ulcers; allergic skin irritation; and bacterial skin diseases, including those of the mouth and gums. It is also used on the skin for treating or preventing damage to the inside of the mouth caused by chemotherapy or radiation; and to treat skin breakdown around colostomy appliances.
A form of German chamomile that can be inhaled is used to treat inflammation (swelling) and irritation of the respiratory tract.
In foods and beverages, German chamomile is used as flavoring.
In manufacturing, German chamomile is used in cosmetics, soaps, and mouthwashes.
Allergic reactions (tongue thickening, tightness in the throat,swelling of the lips, throat and eyes, itching over the body) have been reported with German chamomile but are infrequent. Patients with severe allergic responses to ragweed (ragwort) should be warned about the possible cross-sensitivity to chamomile and other members of the Asteraceae/Compositae family (e.g. echinacea, feverfew, milk thistle).
Europe, including Britain, east to W. Asia and the Himalayas.
alpha-bisabolol, bisbolol-oxides A and B, and farnesene, sesquiterpenelactones (including the blue compound chamazulene), acetylene derivatives.
Phenolic compounds found in the flowers include hydroxycinnamic acid derivatives, caffeic acid, and flavonoids (apigenin, luteolin, and chamaemeloside).