- Botanical: Arnica Montana
- Family: Asteraceae
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Known asArnika, Mountain Arnica, Bergdotterblume, Engelkraut, Fallkraut, Johannisblume, Kraftrose, Kraftwurz, St-Luzianskraut, Stichwurzel, Wohlverleih, Wundkraut, Wolferley, Wolffelei, Wolfsblume, Wolfsbann, Wolfsdistel, Bergwurz, Gemswurz, Kraftwurzel, Bergweg
Medicinalarthritis, bronchitis, blood cleansing, bronchitis, bruises, circulation, colds, coughs, cramps stomach, depression, diarrhea, eczema, fever, flu, gout, infections, joint inflammation, neuralgia, pain relief, varicose veins, wounds
Heart & Circulationblood cleansing, circulation, varicose veins
Infection & Inflammationfever, flu, infections
Muscle & Jointsarthritis, gout, joint inflammation
Mind & Nervesdepression, neuralgia, pain relief
Respiratory Systembronchitis, colds, cough
Stomach & Intestinaldiarrhea
Skin & Hairbruises, eczema, wounds
Propertiesanalgesic, antibacterial, antiseptic, antispasmodic, anti inflammatory, diaphoretic, diuretic
Arnica plants have a deep-rooted, erect stem that is usually unbranched. Their downy opposite leaves are borne towards the apex of the stem. The ovoid, leathery basal leaves are arranged in a rosette.
They show large yellow or orange flowers, 6–8 cm wide with 10–15 long ray florets and numerous disc florets. The phyllaries (a bract under the flowerhead) has long spreading hairs.
Each phyllary is associated with a ray floret. Species of Arnica, with an involucre (a circle of bracts arranged surrounding the flower head) arranged in two rows, have only their outer phyllaries associated with ray florets.
The flowers have a slight aromatic smell. If taken in the wrong dose it can be very dangerous.
The seedlike fruit has a pappus of plumose, white or pale tan bristles. The entire plant has a strong and distinct pine-sage odor when the leaves of mature plants are rubbed or bruised.
Properties & Uses
The ancient writers were not known as arnica herb. Probably the earliest mention is found in Hildegard of Bingen. When to her as "Wolfsgelegena" plant described could be, for the arnica. From 18 Century was actually used arnica complaints and diseases. The application range was wide-ranging, in addition to bruises and injuries were also common varicose veins, phlebitis, gout and rheumatism treatment. Also found a use rather than Analeptikum and stimulant. Frequently it has been misused as an abortifacient.
Today, Arnica is used for external treatment for injuries and rheumatic muscle and joint problems. The application is approved and clinically proven.
In external use most frequently (alcoholic) tincture is made. Here, the most sesquiterpene lactones go into solution. Water-based, you can also use an aqueous extract of reach at the 75% of the sesquiterpene lactones in solution. Tinctures and extracts for external use anti-microbial and anti-inflammatory effect. Arnica Arnica ointments or gels may also achieve a therapeutic effect of venous insufficiency.
Since the internal application is not approved, were taken very many Teepräparate from the market. For external use only these are allowed, but not for continuous use. Here Arnica flowers have been scalded with boiling water and sieved. Nowadays, making tea, however, is not so common.
Especially in homeopathy arnica powers are often used in injuries. Numerous scientific studies have found no useful effect of these preparations.
As a drug following ingredients are used:
* Arnica montana flowers (Syn Arnicae flos, Flores Arnicae, Flores Calendulae alpinae, Flores Plantagines montanae, Flores Ptarmicae, Flores Alisma, Flos Arnicae), arnica flowers (syn. Alpine Aster flowers, mountain root flowers, blood, flowers, angels, flowers, angels, herbs, Gamsblumen, fall cabbage flowers , Arnica flower, wolf flower), the dried, whole or crumbled buds and flower heads.
(Folium syn. Arnicae, Folia Arnicae, Herba Arnicae, Herba Doronicae germanici) * Arnicae herba; arnica herb (Syn arnica leaves, Angel Cabbage, fall cabbage, Gamskraut, Arnica herb), in May collected before flowering, dried basal leaves, which almost stalk-free trade come.
* Arnicae radix (Syn Arnicae rhizoma, radix Arnicae, Doronici germanici Radix, Rhizoma Arnicae), arnica root (Syn Mountain Arnica root, mother wort, stitch Wurz, Arnica root), the dried rhizome with the roots.
Since it is difficult to grow large quantities of arnica for the production of therapeutic products are, for making some of arnica oil of natural medicine manufacturers gathered wild flowers used in larger quantities. The company Weleda concerns about a large part of its annual demand of 1300 kg dried arnica flowers in the Romanian Carpathians.
Arnica should only be applied to unbroken skin as it promotes blood circulation and may increase bleeding of wounds.
The circulation area includes the Alps, Pyrenees to the Balkans as well as a northern distribution to southern Scandinavia and the Baltic. The flowering season is in central Europe from May to August. Arnica preferably acidic and thin fields and is kalkmeidend. It is found from the valley up to altitudes of 2800 meters.
essential oil, bitter compounds, flavones, procyanidins, helenalin, Arnicin, beta-sitosterol, camphor, flavonoids, inulin
Arnica has been used medicinally for centuries. It is reputed to have anti-inflammatory properties and can be used in liniment and ointment preparations for sprains, bruises, arthritis, insect bites, aches and pains. It relieves pain and provides an overall soothing experience. Topically, Arnica Herbal Oil can be used in preparations for tinctures, creams, ointment, compress and poultices.